Undivisible subject-object structures in the field of actant functionality

Лахно, Наталія Валентинівна (2022) Undivisible subject-object structures in the field of actant functionality Закарпатські філологічні студії, 1 (21). pp. 61-65. ISSN 2663-4880; 2663-4899

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Abstract

The article describes the semantics of subjective reflexives related to irreversible verbs. The essence of the category of actant distribution of semantics is considered. Subjective inverse verbs belonging to different syntactic structures are analyzed, taking into account the functional features of their actant environment. It is determined that the studied verbs mainly characterize the relations that reflect the interaction of syntactically disjointed actants implied in the syntactic subject. It has been found that basic verbs indicate the influence of the subject on the object, they are characterized by a bivalent (subject-object) structure of the delimiting type: generative subject (subject) and accumulative appendix (object). The study demonstrated proper-inverse and reflexive-possessive reflexes cause syntactically indivisible actants, implied in the syntactic subject, which has a hybrid (generative-accumulative) characteristic. The notion of object in reflexive-possessive inverse verbs is partially extinguished, so such reflexives are at the intersection of different semantic types: verbs that imply implicit subject-subject relations and verbs using cutout subjects. Reciprocal verbs indicate the generative relations of the participants, each of which is both a subject of action and an object that is subject to action (object). Absolute verbs demonstrate potentially expressed subject-object relations. The results indicate that undivided subject-object structures (among subjective inverse verbs) are not represented only in autocausatives. This feature brings them closer to decausatives. The author proposes to extend the method of analysis to object inverse verbs in order to systematically study the theory of reflexives and their classification depending on the semantic function of the postfix, determining the place of inverse verbs in the general semantic category of actant distribution of verb semantics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: суб’єктні рефлексиви; власне-зворотні рефлексиви; рефлексивно-посесивні зворотні дієслова; автокаузативи; взаємо-зворотні рефлексиви; абсолютивні дієслова; субʼєкт; обʼєкт; актант; генеративна функція; акумулятивна функція
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Інститути > Інститут філології > Кафедра української мови
Depositing User: доцент Н.В. Лахно
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2022 13:58
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2022 13:58
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/41393

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