Pope's Judiciary in the Late Middle Ages: Apostolic Penitentiary

Санжарова, Галина Федорівна and Санжаров, Валерій Анатолійович and Мацелик, Михайло Олексійович (2022) Pope's Judiciary in the Late Middle Ages: Apostolic Penitentiary Юридичний науковий електронний журнал (5). pp. 49-52. ISSN 2524-0374

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Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of changes in the organization of the work of the Apostolic Penitentiary under the Roman popes of the Avignon period (1305-1378). The authors state that the Penitentiary of the late Middle Ages was one of the most important institutions for governing the Church. The importance of the Apostolic Penitentiary is constantly growing with the increase of petitiones to the Pope (personal and through proctors). It is believed that the reform of Penitentiary by the popes of the Avignon period is part of the process of constructing a new etatico-legal model of the Western Christian Сhurch. It was found that the main elements of the structural reform of the Penitentiary of the Avignon period were: the reduction of the number of penitentiary clerks by Clement V in 1311; promulgation of new forms and statutes of the penitentiary by Benedict XII in 1338; a list of new “assessments” for drawing up and certifying documents; elaboration of the statute and recording of the customs of the board of scribes in 1350-1376; legal definition of the responsibilities and privileges of minor penitentiaries. It is noted that the leadership of the service is in the hands of proxies and close to the Pope – cardinals (major penitentiary), the activities of the latter are becoming more specialized. Episcopal thrones were an encouragement to minor penitentiaries. It is substantiated that the promotion of the papal court officials to remote episcopal chairs by the popes of Avignon at the same time expanded the limits of the Roman pontiffs’ own power in the church. It is proved that no other category of papal functionaries had such a diverse “national” composition. The list of one hundred penitentiaries for which origins can be identified mentions 12 “nations”. It was stated that the board of scribes of the penitentiary was independent of the scribes of papal charters, had its own discipline and autonomy, employees of the penitentiary (scribes) took an oath and obeyed the major penitentiary. The authors came to the conclusion that the Apostolic Penitentiary during the Avignon period became a separate unit of the papal curia with a clear administrative organization, defined powers, corporate structure.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Canon Law; Corpus Juris Canonici; Papal Justice; Apostolic Penitentiary; penitentiaries; auditor
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультет романо-германської філології > Кафедра романської філології та порівняльно-типологічного мовознавства
Depositing User: Галина Федорівна Санжарова
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2022 09:40
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2022 09:44
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/41759

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