The Fourth Lateran Council (1215):Traditions and New Efforts in Canon Law

Санжарова, Галина Федорівна and Санжаров, Валерій Анатолійович and Павлюх, Ольга Анатоліївна (2022) The Fourth Lateran Council (1215):Traditions and New Efforts in Canon Law Юридичний науковий електронний журнал (6). pp. 42-46. ISSN 2524-0374

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Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of organizational principles, legislative and legal basis, public demand and implementation of tasks on the reform of the church of that time, structure and legal content of conciliar decrees (constitutions) and defining the role of the Fourth Lateran Council and its organizer, Pope Innocent III (1198–1216), development of canon law. The authors state that the Council marked the culmination of legislative and legal evolution, which continued from the First Lateran Council, combining borrowings from the “ius antiquum” with the then conciliar and decree law. It has been found that a large number of conciliar decrees (constitutions) concern various aspects of the functioning of the system of canonical courts. It is believed that during the 12th century a European system of ecclesiastical jurisdiction was formed and there was a need to standardize the technical aspects of legal procedure. It is noted that the Council initiated radical changes in both ecclesiastical and secular justice: after the prohibition of the Council, trials (by fire and water) and ordalii as a method of proving in court are gradually disappearing. Among the most important innovations in church law – the beginning of the shortened judicial procedure “ordo inquisitionis”, the spread of the practice of holding general chapters to all religious orders, changes in marriage law, regulating the practice of appointments and elections to church benefices. It is substantiated that the Fourth Lateran Council surpassed previous meetings in organizational (more representative, larger) and legislative components. The authors conclude that the legislative provisions of the Council helped the organizational formation of the later medieval church and the improvement of the system of canonical justice in the Council of Trent and beyond. The Fourth Lateran Council, the most important of the five Lateran Councils, is also more interesting to the historian of canon law than any of the other universal councils of the Middle Ages

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Canon Law; Middle Ages; Conciliar Legislation; Fourth Lateran Council; Innocent III; 13th Century
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультет романо-германської філології > Кафедра романської філології та порівняльно-типологічного мовознавства
Depositing User: Галина Федорівна Санжарова
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2022 11:04
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2022 11:04
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/41761

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