Crimes and 'Criminal' Proceedings against Prelates in the Church Judiciary of the Twelve-Fourteenth Century

Санжарова, Галина Федорівна and Санжаров, Валерій Анатолійович and Мацелик, Михайло Олексійович (2022) Crimes and 'Criminal' Proceedings against Prelates in the Church Judiciary of the Twelve-Fourteenth Century Юридичний науковий електронний журнал (7). pp. 51-55. ISSN 2524-0374

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The article is devoted to the study of the current state of the development of the problem of medieval church justice and ‘criminal’ proceedings against crimes committed by prelates: features of the source base, typology of crimes, general characteristics of case proceedings, results of papal justice. The authors state that the problem of crime among clerics and its eradication in the Middle Ages has recently attracted more and more research attention precisely as a problem, and not as a collection of individual cases. The opinion was expressed that the material was studied unevenly (for the 13th century – for all known pontificates, for the 14th – selectively), therefore it is too early to talk about the existence of any ‘developmental trends’ and it is necessary to discuss the preliminary nature of the conclusions and generalizations. The typology of medieval criminal acts, the influence of circumstances (the place and time of the crime, the number of persons involved, the use of weapons) and the motives of deviant behavior (anger, drunkenness, hatred) are clarified. It was noted that the main objective of church justice is not to punish criminals in accordance with the prescriptions provided by law, but to correct, try to change the behavior of offenders. The authors drew attention to the systematization of punishments of criminal clergymen and monks, recognized as incorrigible, and the spread of the practice of imprisonment. The conclusion that the detailed development of the criminal component of church law contributes to the growth of the bureaucratic apparatus responsible for identifying and correcting deviations from the norm is confirmed. It is substantiated that the judicial component organically complements the effective administrative system built by the papacy, which as a result of the reforms of the Roman papacy of the ‘Avignon period’ gained control over all levels of the church organization. In relation to prelates, these are recommendations, appointments, verification of the suitability of candidates (age, education, moral qualities/virtues, orders, benefices), permission to hold and approve the results of elections, payment of general services, consideration of disputes and appeals. The authors came to the conclusion that modern ideas give a fairly stable picture of papal civil and criminal justice as an instrument of control over the church hierarchy and a tool for strengthening centralized administration.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Canon Law; Corpus of Canon Law; Criminal Justice; Inquisitorial Procedure; Prelates
Subjects: Це архівна тематика Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Це архівна тематика Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Це архівні підрозділи Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Факультет романо-германської філології > Кафедра романської філології та порівняльно-типологічного мовознавства
Depositing User: Галина Федорівна Санжарова
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2022 11:07
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2022 11:07

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