The Process of Transition of the UPR Army Soldiers Interned in Poland to Civil Status and their Emigration to Czechoslovakia and France, the 1920s

Sribnyak, Ihor and Yakovenko, Natalia and Matviyenko, Viktor (2022) The Process of Transition of the UPR Army Soldiers Interned in Poland to Civil Status and their Emigration to Czechoslovakia and France, the 1920s Pamięć i sprawiedliwość (39). pp. 138-159. ISSN 1427-7476

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The article reveals the peculiarities of the process of transition of the UPR Army soldiers interned in Poland, to civil status and their departure to Czechoslovakia and France during the 1920s. Because of numerical reduction of internment camps, Ukrainian combatants faced the need to adapt to living conditions in their civil status and further socialize. Most of the UPR Army junior officers were well aware of the need to continue their studies, and in particular – to obtain higher education in European universities, which enabled them to have a certain status in their host countries. In an effort to prepare to enter the higher schools of European countries, this category of the former military united into camp student communities. During 1922-1923, many of their members managed to enter Polish universities or go to study in Czechoslovakia, which opened up prospects of acquiring new professions and thus finding their place in life, getting well-paid jobs. Some Ukrainian public and charitable organizations functioning in Poland and Czechoslovakia rendered them significant assistance. The process of the camps termination in Kalisz and Szczypiorno was quite long, which afforded Ukrainian veterans an opportunity to develop adaptation mechanisms and adapt to independent life as political emigrants in Poland. In the new environment, the former campers did not stop communications among themselves, forming public and combatant organizations. At the same time, a significant part of the former campers did not see further prospects while staying in Poland and preferred to realize themselves in other European countries. Meeting their wishes The Ukrainian Central Committee in Poland took care of organizing their departure to France, which was used by a large part of former campers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: interned Ukrainian soldiers; camp; emigration; combatants; the UPR Army; Poland; Czechoslovakia; France
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Erih Plus
Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у наукометричних базах > Web of Science
Divisions: Факультет суспільно-гуманітарних наук > Кафедра всесвітньої історії
Depositing User: професор Ігор Володимирович Срібняк
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2022 06:20
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2023 14:30

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