«A school gives knowledge. Knowledge gives strength. Strength gives power...»: on the history of activity of the Borys Grinchenko «Prosvita» Society in Salzwedel camp for Ukrainian prisoners of war in Germany (1916-1917)

Срібняк, Ігор Володимирович (2022) «A school gives knowledge. Knowledge gives strength. Strength gives power...»: on the history of activity of the Borys Grinchenko «Prosvita» Society in Salzwedel camp for Ukrainian prisoners of war in Germany (1916-1917) Освітологічний дискурс, 38-39 (3-4). pp. 6-21. ISSN 2312-5829

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Abstract

The article reveals the specifics of the activities of the Borys Grinchenko «Prosvita» society, whose activities led to the establishment of the People's School of the same name in the Salzwedel camp (Germany). The initial phase of its activity was marked by significant difficulties due to the reluctance of some of the camp residents to visit it due to fear of reprisals from the Russian tsar (after their return home). But thanks to the explanatory work of the members of the Educational Department Union for the Liberation of Ukraine and the Ukrainian active in the camp, this fear was overcome, after which the number of students began to steadily increase. During 1916-1917, hundreds of captured Ukrainians graduated from the Borys Grinchenko People's School, who received not only basic knowledge (writing, reading, arithmetic) within its walls, but also gained from it an understanding of many phenomena of political and social life, and in addition - mastered the basics of agronomic and exact sciences. The school initiated profound changes in their consciousness, making school graduates an integral part of the Ukrainian world, the political component of which was mercilessly persecuted in Russia, and therefore forced to choose its «place under the sun» on German soil. The Borys Grinchenko People's School became one of the most powerful system-forming national factors in the camp, which created the Ukrainian environment through its very work. Within its walls - sometimes even against their will – the prisoners began to realize the injustice of the socio-political order in tsarist Russia and to understand the ultimate need to separate Ukraine from the imperial center with its subsequent acquisition of sovereign status. In this way, the School and its teaching staff were all the time very significantly involved in the process of forming the national-state worldview of those captured Ukrainians who sought education, fully fulfilling their patriotic duty to the Motherland.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Народна школа імені Бориса Грінченка; товариство «Просвіта»; виклади; вчителі; полонені українці; Зальцведель; Німеччина
Subjects: Це архівна тематика Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Статті у наукометричних базах > Erih Plus
Це архівна тематика Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Це архівна тематика Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Це архівні підрозділи Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Факультет суспільно-гуманітарних наук > Кафедра всесвітньої історії
Depositing User: професор Ігор Володимирович Срібняк
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2022 08:30
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2022 08:30
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/43301

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