Basics of Phonetics in Indian Linguistic Tradition: Theoretical and Methodological Aspect

Кузнецова, Галина and Караман, Станіслав Олександрович and Караман, Ольга Володимирівна (2022) Basics of Phonetics in Indian Linguistic Tradition: Theoretical and Methodological Aspect «Перспективи та інновації науки» (Серія «Педагогіка», Серія «Психологія», Серія «Медицина»), 13 (18). pp. 294-309. ISSN 2786-4952

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The article proves that the processes of evolution of the sound system of language in historical linguistic traditions, and Indian in particular, are little studied in the methodology of teaching phonetics to future teachers of Ukrainian language and literature. In this regard, the genesis of the basics of phonetics in ancient India is analyzed. It is proved that the language's sound system was divinely inspired and served as a means of the oral perpetuation of the cultural heritage of ancient India — the Vedas. It is observed that the analysis of phonetic phenomena by Indian phoneticists was carried out based on the principles of participation, phonocentrism, and the primordial humanity of language. Based on empirical studies of the generation of speech, the first scientific works on phonetics (“Shiksha”, “Pratishakhya”, “Chandas”, “Vyakarana”, “Nirukta”, “Jyotisha”, “Kalpa”, “Brahmanas”, “Ashtadhyayi”, etc.) were compiled, in which the system of orderly characterization of the sounds of the Vedic language (VIII-VI centuries BC) without connection with the writing system was traced. It was found that the description and classification of sound elements were based on anatomical and atomistic approaches, phonetic methods, and articulatory-acoustic principles, which became the scientific phonetic foundation in the linguistics system. A special feature of the classification of sounds of the Vedic language is the gradation. The sounds were classified: 1) by contact and non-contact of speech organs: vowels and consonants; 2) by place of articulation: pharyngeal, palatal, cerebral, dental, and labial; 3) by the involvement of the oral cavity: sounds of internal formation (full, intermediate, light contact, closed, semi-closed, and open); sounds of external formation (by opening and closing of the laryngeal slit: flowing/resonant, vocalic/non-vocalic, inspiratory/non-inspiratory, nasal/non-nasal); 4) by the passage of the air jet and the type of obstacles: vocoids, closed consonants, “intermediate” semivowels, and gaps; 5) by the way of creation: deaf, deaf inspiratory, voiced, voiced inspiratory, and nasal. The origin of phonetic terms is traced: varna (sound, tone, vowel sound), shabda (sound, word), vyanjana (consonant sound), akshara, brahman (sound element, syllable, syllable-morpheme). It is determined that the main methods of mastering the genesis of phonetics in the Indian linguistic tradition by future Ukrainian language teachers are the methods and techniques of subject-subject interaction in the circle of “teacher-student-linguistic information”.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Indian linguistic tradition; phonetics; sound; sound classification; phonetic terminology; Ukrainian linguistics teacher; theoretical and methodological basis.
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультет української філології, культури і мистецтва > Кафедра української мови
Depositing User: Тамара Ростовцева
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2023 10:45
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2023 10:45

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