Water use in settlements of Trypillia culture

Videiko, Mykhailo and Burdo, N. (2023) Water use in settlements of Trypillia culture In: Scales of Social, Environmental & Cultural Change in Past Societies, March 13–18, 2023, Kiel University, Kiel, Germany.

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Abstract

When studying settlements, especially those whose territory covered tens or hundreds of hectares, the question of water sources for residents repeatedly arose. The water needs of the villages were significant, if we take into account the needs of people, domestic animals and crafts production. It was especially relevant for the cases of settlements located on high areas of the plateau. Surveying the territories of these settlements and their immediate surroundings was useful for finding answers. It was also useful to study the modern water use system in this area. For small settlements and temporary sites the issue was resolved by location on the banks of rivers. In the case of the location on the plateau, the territory of the villages was adjacent to ravines, where the exits of aquifers are located either on the slopes or at the bottom. In both cases, the distance to the water did not exceed 100 meters. There is also a hypothesis regarding the possible construction of dams for the formation of reservoirs in the area of settlements. In the case of large settlements (50-300 hectares) the choice of location was the key. Maidanetske (about 200 hectares) is an example of solving the problem for mega-sites. A significant part of the settlement was located along the banks of the Talyanka River, and in this case the distance to the water for the nearest two rows of houses did not exceed 100-200 m. The northern part of the settlement was adjacent to ravines with water outlets on the slopes. The southern part partially adjoined the valley of the stream, on the slopes of which valley there are numerous springs. In these areas, it was possible to use wells, the depth of which would not exceed 3-5 m. The most problematic for water supply was the central part of the settlement. Transport sledges equipped with containers, which are known from finds of ceramic models, could be used to deliver water here. Feeding of animals was decided directly on pastures located near the valleys of rivers and streams. In the Dnieper region, shepherds’ camps near the Dnipro are well-known. In our opinion, the study of the water supply of residents of Tryypillia settlements should be included in the program for the study of settlements of various types, especially in the light of hypotheses regarding the impact of epidemics on the existence of mega-sites

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Water use; settlement; Trypillia culture
Subjects: Наукові конференції > Міжнародні
Divisions: Факультет суспільно-гуманітарних наук > Кафедра археології та давньої історії
Depositing User: д.і.н. Михайло Юрієвич Відейко
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2023 11:49
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 11:49
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/46368

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