National educational mission of the newspaper «Public Opinion» in the camp of Ukrainian prisoners of war in Wetzlar, Germany (1917 – early 1918)

Срібняк, Ігор Володимирович and Гринь, Дмитро Костянтинович (2023) National educational mission of the newspaper «Public Opinion» in the camp of Ukrainian prisoners of war in Wetzlar, Germany (1917 – early 1918) Український інформаційний простір, 12 (2). pp. 225-250. ISSN 2616-7948; 2617-1244

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Abstract

The article analyzes selected publications from the camp newspaper «Public Opinion» («Hromadska Dumka») in Wetzlar, and in particular those of them that contributed to the formation of the Ukrainian worldview of the camp residents and affirmed them in the need to fight for the independence of Ukraine. During the entire period of its publication, the camp newspaper «Public Opinion» played an extremely important role in the matter of national awareness and public education of Ukrainian prisoners of the Wetzlar camp. This became possible thanks to the corresponding thematic content of the newspaper, each section of which directly or indirectly led its readers to understand the highest value of all manifestations of national life for Ukrainians, the full development of which can be ensured only under the condition of the existence of an independent Ukrainian state. This purpose was served by the publication of materials on the dynamics of the development of the camp urinary organization, as well as the public activity of prisoners, which in particular manifested itself in the collection of funds for various national and camp needs. The majority of captured Ukrainians fully trusted the newspaper, realizing at the same time that in covering the situation at the front and political events in the Central countries, the editorial staff of the newspaper was forced to adhere to the censorship regulations of the wartime. At the same time, the newspaper fairly objectively reproduced the process of political transformations in Ukraine and Russia, pinning the hopes of fundamental social changes on them. «Public Opinion» and other camp publications remained for the majority of prisoners the only informational «gateways» from which they drew news and knowledge in the conditions of captivity. At the same time, the newspaper always played the role of an interlocutor for them, able to listen and advise in a difficult situation for the campers. In fact, this was the reason for the high level of trust that «Public Opinion» enjoyed among the camp residents, which in turn allowed it to effectively fulfill the national educational and organizational mission assigned to it.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: captured Ukrainians; Wetzlar camp; newspaper «Public Opinion»; editorial; article; Germany
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Erih Plus
Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультет суспільно-гуманітарних наук > Кафедра всесвітньої історії
Depositing User: професор Ігор Володимирович Срібняк
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2023 09:51
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2023 09:51
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/47250

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