The Third Lateran Council and Canon Law: the Evolution of Legislation and Church Law in the 12th Century

Санжарова, Галина Федорівна and Санжаров, В.А. and Мацелик, М.О. (2023) The Third Lateran Council and Canon Law: the Evolution of Legislation and Church Law in the 12th Century Юридичний науковий електронний журнал (10). pp. 48-50. ISSN 2524-0374

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Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of the legislation of the Third Lateran Council (the eleventh Ecumenical Council, as recognized by the Catholic Church), the essence of the adopted resolutions, modern approaches to the study of the peculiarities of the creation, promulgation and use of council legislation. It has been established that the authority and spread of papal councils of the 12th century remain insufficiently researched. It is noted that the Third Lateran Council of 1179 of Pope Alexander III is the only one of the three so-called ‘general’ councils held at the Lateran in the 12th century, which can be considered appropriate for the name ‘Ecumenical’. It can be argued that the Council had three main goals: to put an end to the schism and to present the submissions of the imperial bishops to Alexander III, to pass reform laws and to discuss the opposition to heresies. It was noted that Pope Alexander III and his curia aimed for the council canons to provide a set of universally accepted statutes for governing the Church. It seems reasonable to attribute Alexander's intention to create a ‘broad universal law’. It is noted that the council canons of 1179 repeat the material of the canons of 1139 (the Second Lateran Council held under Pope Innocent II) only in those cases when these canons were not present in Gratian's “Decretum”. This fact seems to indicate a conscious choice to preserve the materials of the earlier council within a legal culture that had already accepted Gratian as a primary but not exhaustive text.. The authors consider it indisputable that the Third Lateran Council significantly increased the juridical and judicial role of the papacy in the Church and Christian society in general. It is concluded that the canons of the Council played as significant a role as the decretals in the legal collections, in the papal administration of the Latin Church and in the ‘ius novum’ during the period of its formation at the end of the twelfth century.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Canon Law; Decretal Law; Council Constitutions; Third Lateran Council; 12th Century;
Subjects: Це архівна тематика Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Це архівна тематика Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Це архівні підрозділи Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Факультет романо-германської філології > Кафедра романської філології та порівняльно-типологічного мовознавства
Depositing User: Галина Федорівна Санжарова
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2023 09:42
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2023 09:42
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/47573

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