The problem of critical thinking in Ukrainian and foreign researchers' works

Громова, Наталія Михайлівна (2014) The problem of critical thinking in Ukrainian and foreign researchers' works Педагогічний процес: теорія та практика (3). pp. 133-136. ISSN 2078-1687

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The article deals with the analysis of critical thinking notion and its elements in Ukrainian and foreign researchers’ works. The absence of a fixed definition of the term «critical thinking» is stated and the need of further research of the problem is underlined. Cognition, action, emotion, motivation and reflexivity are essential components of critical thinking. Information evaluation by recipients is considered the essence of critical thinking. The difference between critical and creative thought is examined. Successful development of students’ critical thinking is conditioned by dialogical interaction between people. Controversy is stated as the source of critical thinking and mental operations are defined as a mechanism of a critical thought. Interpretation, analysis, evaluation, explanation and summary are proved to be necessary critical thinking skills. Clarity, exactness, validity, logicality, impartiality are proved to be basic requirements for a critical thought. Students’ analytical dispositions and abilities to think critically are considered; absence of developed critical thinking in students is stated by scientists as unwillingness to think. Weak and strong critical thinkers’ qualities are described; requirements for a good critical thinker are analyzed and the essential characteristics of critical thinkers are given. Rationality, open-mindedness, honesty, self-awareness, judgment and attitude to life are recognized as a complex combination of skills necessary for a good critical thinker. Different forms of critical thinking are presented. Perspectives for a further research of students’ critical thinking abilities and their connection with tolerance in particular are established

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: controversy; critical thinking; disposition; judgment
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Інститути > Гуманітарний інститут > Кафедра англійської мови
Depositing User: Users 784 not found.
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2015 18:21
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2015 08:05

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