The UPA underground in Bessarabia: its structures and organizational and military activity in southern Ukraine (1921)

Срібняк, Ігор Володимирович and Палієнко, Марина Ганнадіївна (2018) The UPA underground in Bessarabia: its structures and organizational and military activity in southern Ukraine (1921) Rusin: International Historical Journal, 3 (53). pp. 254-274. ISSN 1857-2685; 2345-1149

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Abstract

In the article an attempt is made to disclose the process of creating the activity in Bessarabia and in the south of Ukraine of underground anti-Bolshevik structures of the UNR political direction. On the territory of Mykolaiv, Odessa, Kherson, part of the Podolsky and Ekaterinoslav provinces, the 1st Rebel Army Group of the UNR headed by General A.Gulyj-Gulenko was deployed. The next step was to divide the group into five rebel areas, establish their headquarters and intelligence services. The chiefs of the districts were tasked with preparing a general armed uprising. Officers with experience of insurgent work were sent to replace the posts at headquarters from Poland and Romania, to facilitate the process of sending them across the border, checkpoints were created. Coordinated the work of all the structures of the headquarters of the group, which was in Chisinau. In September 1921, the staff was asked to begin the formation of the Southern (Bessarabian) shock detachment, which, according to the political leadership of the UPR, was to cross the Soviet-Romanian border and to initiate an uprising in the south of Ukraine in order to divert the attention of the Bolsheviks from the direction of the main attack. In October 1921, an order was issued to begin active offensive operations in the south of Ukraine, but because of the lack of weapons, their implementation was postponed several times. Only on the night of November 18-19 the percussion force crossed the Dniester and made an attempt to seize Tiraspol. However, due to the inconsistency of the actions and the quantitative superiority of the Bolshevik troops, it was not crowned with success. After many hours of fighting, the rebels were forced to retreat to the Dniester and begin its formation under double fire – Soviet and Romanian border guards. The failures of this speech led to a general weakening of the partisan movement in the south of Ukraine and almost complete dismantling of the UNR conspiracy in Bessarabia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: insurgents; guerilla movement; headquarters; petty officers; Hulyi-Hulenko; Bessarabian group.
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Scopus
Статті у наукометричних базах > Web of Science
Divisions: Факультети > Історико-філософський факультет > Кафедра всесвітньої історії
Depositing User: професор Ігор Володимирович Срібняк
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2018 08:47
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2019 11:50
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/24754

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