Where are the cereals? Contribution of phytolith analysis to the study of subsistence economy at the Trypillia site Maidanetske (ca. 3900-3650 BCE),central Ukraine

Dal Corso, Marta and Welmoed, Out and Ohlrau, Rene and Hofmann, Robert and Dreibrot, Stefan and Videiko, Mykhailo and Muller, Johanness and Kirleis, Wibke (2018) Where are the cereals? Contribution of phytolith analysis to the study of subsistence economy at the Trypillia site Maidanetske (ca. 3900-3650 BCE),central Ukraine Journal of Arid Environments, 157 (157). pp. 137-148. ISSN 0140-1963

[img]
Preview
Text
DalCorso_et_al_2018_MaidanetskePhytoliths.pdf

Download (4MB) | Preview

Abstract

Phytolith analysis has been applied in one of the extraordinary Trypillia “mega-site” in central Ukraine. The site Maidanetske, dated to ca. 3900–3650 BCE, is composed of ca. 3000 houses, which were built of earth-based architecture. As these mega-sites were extremely large, their relatively short duration and their population dynamics are under debate. In this study, the focus is set on the detection of daily household activities, including cereal processing. Archaeological contexts have been sampled for phytoliths inside and outside houses, including daub fragments, grinding stones, vessels, floor surfaces and a pit filling. Phytolith records from layers above and below the archaeological contexts were also analysed. The results indicate that cereal by-products such as chaff from pooid cereals, were in use for specific purposes like daub tempering for house building. Thus cereals were a relevant part of the site subsistence economy despite the scarce preservation of archaeobotanical macro-remains. While chaff and straw suggest on-site processing of cereals, the location of processing is unclear. Since house floors and cultural layers are poorer in chaff phytoliths than expected, the future analysis of other special buildings for instance might help to detect specialised areas of processing apart from houses. Besides cereals thephytolith record attests also the presence of wild grasses with probable indication of steppe grassland components.Further investigation of soil sequences outside the site and comparison with modern reference material in future will help to assess the development of the grassland vegetation through time.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Please cite this article as: Dal Corso, M., Journal of Arid Environments (2018), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2018.06.009
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chalcolithic Tripolye Silica microfossils Daub Forest-steppe
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Scopus
Статті у наукометричних базах > Web of Science
Divisions: Факультети > Історико-філософський факультет > НДЛ археології
Depositing User: д.і.н. Михайло Юрієвич Відейко
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2019 09:01
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2019 09:01
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/26065

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item