The distractive perfectionism as a factor of anxiety and depressive patterns in adolescents

Вавілова, Альона Сергіївна (2019) The distractive perfectionism as a factor of anxiety and depressive patterns in adolescents Doctoral thesis, Київський університет імені Тараса Шевченка.

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Abstract

The dissertation is devoted to the study of structural and typological features of destructive perfectionism as a factor of anxious and depressive patterns in adolescents. As a result of the theoretical analysis this problem, we define perfectionism as a personal phenomenon, which means the striving for perfection, involves the nomination of high standards to oneself and other people, the desire to meet the expectations of social environment for the purpose of obtaining approval and recognition, causes cognitive, emotional, motivational and behavioral features and has different forms – from constructive / positive to destructive / pathological. It was found, that destructive perfectionism in children and adolescents appears as a result of dysfunctional styles of upbringing and excessive demands from the social environment. The last one causes emotional frustration and, in general, emotional problems in adolescence. The negative influence of destructive perfectionism is actualized in the achievement situation, which mediates the emergence of emotional problems. Taking into account it, a program of empirical research destructive perfectionism in adolescents has been developed. The methodology for measuring perfectionism was adapted on a sample of Ukrainian adolescents. The connection between destructive perfectionism and anxiety-depressive patterns in adolescents is specified. It is revealed, that there are qualitative differences between adolescents perfectionism and anxiety-depressive patterns: Self-oriented perfectionism often causes increased anxiety in situations of knowledge testing and anxiety associated with learning success; socially prescribed causes the emergence of anxiety in relations with teachers and anxiety due to the assessment of others. Characteristic features of the age dynamics of perfectionism in adolescents are the follows: at the age of 12–14 years the average level of perfectionism is significantly higher, than for adolescents at the age 15–18 years, which makes it possible to consider younger adolescence age (12–14 years) as critical to the formation of perfectionism. In older adolescents (15–18 years) perfectionism already takes its place in the structure of the personality and reduces the level of it influence. It is determined that perfectionism is closely connected with other psychological features in the structure of adolescent's personality. It is established connection between perfectionism and such personality traits of adolescents, as: degree of emotional stability; caution-frivolity; shyness-adventurism; neurasthenia; degree of internal stress; degree of self-control. The obtained results testify that perfectionism is not an isolated construct, it is formed in a complex with other features and properties of a person, affects on the peculiarities of their manifestation and is influenced by their side. It is revealed that the emergence of destructive perfectionism in adolescents is caused such dysfunctional settings of parenting, as: excessive severity, excessive interference in the child's world, desire to accelerate the development of the child and oppression of freedom. Parents of adolescents with constructive perfectionism are more likely to have an optimal style of parenting, and parents of adolescents with destructive perfectionism are prone to excessive care and avoid warm emotional relationships with children. The typology of adolescents-perfectionists is developed based on the following criteria (in the form of continual poles): avoiding failure – hope for success; high level of success – low level of success; there are no anxiety-depressive patterns – expressed anxiety-depressive patterns; high level of perfectionism – low level of perfectionism. There are four types of adolescents-perfectionists: a) successful anxious and depressive perfectionist; b) successful constructive perfectionist; c) unsuccessful anxious and depressive perfectionist; d) moderately successful constructive non-perfectionist. The developed typology allows to determine the qualitative features of destructive perfectionism, which are revealed through its connection with cognitive (destructive perfectionist settings), motivational (avoidance of failure), emotional (anxiety and depressive patterns) and activity components (success), which are characteristic for adolescence. A group correction program has been developed and tested to reduce the severity of anxiety-depressive patterns in adolescents with signs of destructive perfectionism. Correctional program includes the following blocks: development of creativity (overcoming rigidity); formation of the ability to set real goals; focusing on analysis of achievements instead of focusing on error; decrease the anxiety level; formation relaxation ability; formation adequate requirements for themselves and others. The results of approbation of the correction program indicate a statistically significant decrease depressive patterns, general anxiety, anxiety due to the assessment of others, anxiety in relationships with teachers, anxiety due to academic success and anxiety in testing the knowledge, which are characteristic for adolescents with destructive perfectionism. Based on the results of the study, a system of recommendations was developed for adolescents and their parents, aimed at reducing the negative impact of destructive perfectionism on the emotional state of adolescents. Recommendations for parents are about the features of parenting children and adolescents, which can lead to emergence the signs of destructive perfectionism. Recommendations for adolescents are associated with awareness of the destructive effect of perfectionism on their emotional state and behavior.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: destructive perfectionism; adolescent age; types of adolescents-perfectionists; anxious-depressive patterns; correctional program
Subjects: Abstracts > Спецради у інших ВНЗ
Divisions: Institutes > Institute of human > Chair of Practical Psychology
Depositing User: Альона Альона Сергіївна Вавілова
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2019 08:28
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2019 08:28
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/29267

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