The psychological specifity of cope strategies in adolescents-perfectionists

Вавілова, Альона Сергіївна (2019) The psychological specifity of cope strategies in adolescents-perfectionists Психологічний часопис: збірник наукових праць / за ред. С.Д. Максименка. (5). pp. 101-114. ISSN 2414-0023

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Abstract

Perfectionism is a multidimensional personal phenomenon, which is consists of striving for excellence, high standards for oneself and others, desire to be relevant the expectations of the social environment to receive approval and recognition. This phenomenon can take two forms - constructive (promotes personality self-realization) and destructive (negatively affects at the activity and emotional well-being of a person). Therefore, the question of the specify of perfectionists' cope strategies, as well as the study of their connection with the positive or negative aspects of perfectionism is relevant. In order to empirically study the psychological specify of cope strategies for different types of adolescents-perfectionists, the following psychodiagnostic methods were selected: Coping Strategies Questionnaires by J. Amirkhan; Child-adolescence Perfectionism Scale by P. Hewitt and G. Flett; MUN by A. Rean; Depression Scale by A. Beck (adolescent version) and Multidimensional Anxiety Scale by K. Malkova. These methods allowed to develop a typology of adolescents-perfectionists and to explore the features of dominant cope strategies for each of the different types. 96 adolescents aged 12-18 years with varying degrees of perfectionism participated in the study. In the first stage of the study four types of adolescents were identified by cluster analysis: 1) successful anxiety-depressive perfectionist; 2) successful constructive perfectionist; 3) unsuccessful anxiety-depressive perfectionist; 4) a moderately successful constructive non-perfectionist. The typology was based on the following criteria: emotional (emotional well-being - Depression Scale (A. Beck) and Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (K. Malkova), motivational (striving for success or avoiding failure - Questionnaire by A. Rean), cognitive (perfectionist`s attitudes - Child-adolescents perfectionism scale) and activity (level of success in school). In the second stage of the study, a comparative analysis of cope strategies for certain types of adolescents-perfectionists was conducted. 3 groups of cope strategies, proposed by D. Amirkhan, were studied: problem solving (an active behavioural strategy aimed for using internal resources to find possible ways to solve a problem); social support (seeking support in the social environment to solve a problem); avoidance (behavioural strategy aimed to avoid contact with environment, escape from problem solving). According to the research, the problem-solving strategy is dominant for the successful constructive type of perfectionists, and the «avoidance» strategy is the least represented. Adolescents with a successful anxiety-depressive type of perfectionism tend to choose a «social support» strategy, but they are able to choose problem-solving behaviour. The unsuccessful anxious-depressive type of adolescents-perfectionists chooses the «avoidance» and «social support» strategies to solve problems. For moderately successful constructive non-perfectionists cope strategies of «problem solving» and «social support» are equally represented; the avoidance strategy is at a low level.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: perfectionism; coping strategies; adolescence; types of perfectionists; adaptation
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Articles in journals > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Institutes > Institute of human > Chair of Practical Psychology
Depositing User: Альона Альона Сергіївна Вавілова
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2019 12:23
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2019 12:23
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/29387

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