"Solidarity" as a community of civil society

Пасько, Ярослав Ігорович (2019) "Solidarity" as a community of civil society Схід (5 (163). pp. 20-29. ISSN 1728-9343

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Abstract

The proposed research analyzes the external and internal factors that determine the specificity of Solidarity as a community of civil society and driving force of social and cultural changes in Poland. The external factors of these processes are connected with the critical interpretation of social cynicism and ‘Marxist collectivism’ by autonomic group in Polish society. These processes of social corrosion are considered as a social alienation and consequences of social fragmentation in Soviet period. The paper focuses on the danger of collision between national and colonial versions of memory as well as the social challenge of guarantee the possibility of an integral development of man and community. The internal factors actualizes the interpretation of Solidarity as a community of social changes, the positive activities of Catholic church, religious and secular leaders, of their theoretical ideas in the context of evolution of Solidarity from traditional community to modern one based on democratic values, social and economic motivations. The analysis is centered on the theoretical problem of civil trust, and the meaning of cultural, religious, and moral factors in the activities of Solidarity movement. We regard the problematic of Solidarity at the same time from republican and liberal positions. Synthesizing the different approaches to the historical memory, and to the experience of formation and evolution of community, the paper also explores the role and significance of Solidarity in the process of post-soviet values transformation. The article deals with the value prerequisites of moral-normative community in the country of the former socialist camp, the revival of national identity, as well as the elimination of historical contradictions provoked by the communist regime. The study confirms that social changes became possible due to the successful combination of communitarian and liberal foundations of civil society, the elimination of external influences, and achieving autonomy from the Russian and Soviet historical heritage. In the period of Soviet occupation in Poland, throughout two decades a fundamentally important intellectual discourse was formed, which, in spite of the unfavorable political context, became a consolidating and integrating socio-political force that successfully resisted the totalitarian and unifying tendencies of communist regime. Intellectuals, along with the working class, have become a driving force for social change, playing a key role in shaping the social strategy of national development that has changed the social landscape of ‘communist’ Poland

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: civil society; values; community; solidarity; moral-normative foundations; communitarian and liberal principles; historical memory; intellectuals; discourse.
Subjects: Articles in journals > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультети > Історико-філософський факультет > Кафедра філософії
Depositing User: профессор Ярослав Игоревич Пасько
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2019 11:59
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2019 11:59
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/29921

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