The structure of perfectionism in children and adolescents

Вавілова, Альона Сергіївна (2019) The structure of perfectionism in children and adolescents Теорія і практика сучасної психології (6). pp. 9-13. ISSN 1813-3405

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Abstract

The purpose of the article was to empirically study the structure of perfectionism in childhood and adolescence. The following psychodiagnostic methods were used to accomplish this goal: the Child-Adolescent Perfectionism Scale by P. Hewitt and G. Flett, Motivation Questionnaire by A. Rean, Multidimensional Scale of Child Anxiety by K. Malkova, and Beck Depression Scale (adolescent version). It was found that perfectionism is a complex phenomenon, which means the striving for excellence, has a heterogeneous structure and can manifest at different levels of personality. Theoretical approaches to determining the structural components of perfectionism in adults and children are analyzed. The features of perfectionism at different levels of personality are considered: cognitive, emotional, motivational and behavioral (activity). The correlation analysis of perfectionism and motivation of achievement, depressive and anxious manifestations, level of school success is made. The components of perfectionism are characterized by their connection with different personality traits. The cognitive component of perfectionism is expressed in a system of mental attitudes and beliefs aimed at following the standards of excellence. Perfectionists attitudes can be irrational and lead to neuroticism and low emotional well-being. The emotional component of perfectionism involves the presence or absence emotional problems in the form of anxiety-depressive patterns, which arise as a result of constant stress due to the need to have highest results. Healthy perfectionists are characterized by a high level of emotional well-being and a positive assessment of their own achievements. The motivational component implies a high level of aspirations and can manifest in the form of motivational tendencies for success or avoidance of failure. Success connects with purposefulness and result orientation, while the desire to avoid failure means the fear of error and negative social assessment. The behavioral (activity) component of child-adolescent perfectionism is manifested in the level of academic achievement and can lead to an increase or decrease the effectiveness of activity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Perfectionism; childhood and adolescence; motivation of achievement; success; cognitive attitudes; emotional sphere
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Articles in journals > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Institutes > Institute of human > Chair of Practical Psychology
Depositing User: Альона Альона Сергіївна Вавілова
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2020 07:20
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2020 07:20
URI: http://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/30821

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