«Hungry crowd has become more and more apathetic, disinterested in anything...»: Ukrainian prisoners' of war lifestyle and everyday life at Freistadt camp in Austro-Hungary (winter-summer 1917)

Срібняк, Ігор Володимирович (2019) «Hungry crowd has become more and more apathetic, disinterested in anything...»: Ukrainian prisoners' of war lifestyle and everyday life at Freistadt camp in Austro-Hungary (winter-summer 1917) Емінак: науковий щоквартальник. (4(28)). pp. 56-70. ISSN 1998-4634

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Abstract

The article deals with some aspects of the life and everyday life of Ukrainian prisoners of war in the Freistadt camp (Austro-Hungary) during the winter-summer of 1917. Reform of the prisoner's camp life, which took place in early 1917, transformed Freistadt into a «Ukrainian republic» on Austrian land, since from that time the camp was elected by all members of the Ukrainian community on the basis of universal, equal and secret ballot. From that time on, the command of the camp no longer interfered with the internal life of captive Ukrainians, and the members of the IED Education Department performed only advisory functions. As a result, all organizations in the camp (educational courses, theater, schools, «Help» box office, cooperative «Tea room», newspaper publication, etc. went to the independent management of prisoners). But with the growing shortage of food in Austria-Hungary, the food situation in Freistadt has deteriorated significantly and steadily, which eventually led to the captive Ukrainians of this camp going on a «hunger strike». The move called into question both the conduct of the Ukrainian cultural and educational work in the camp and the very existence of Freistadt. Only the constructive efforts of the Liberation Union of Ukraine, the members of the Camp Education Department and the Ukrainian asset, as well as the Austrian authorities' objective interest in resolving the situation in Freistadt – allowed to avoid the worst and to restore the activity of all Ukrainian institutions. Thus, 1917 became perhaps the most difficult time in the history of the Ukrainian camp community in Freistadt, due to the lack of effective assistance to the captive Ukrainians by the Ukrainian People's Republic (although in view of the process of state-political transformation of Ukraine at this time, no such steps were expected from UРR). Therefore, the camps were in a very difficult situation, receiving only minimal humanitarian assistance from Russian and international charitable organizations. But despite all the difficulties and obstacles, the development of Ukrainian cultural, educational and national patriotic work has been successful throughout this year, so that there were dramatic irreversible changes in the minds of Ukrainian captives, who made it possible to form a large number of Ukrainians with well-developed statesmen in the camp.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ukrainian prisoners; camp; food; Ukrainian community; Freistadt; Germany
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Erih Plus
Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у наукометричних базах > РИНЦ
Divisions: Факультет суспільно-гуманітарних наук > Кафедра всесвітньої історії
Depositing User: професор Ігор Володимирович Срібняк
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2020 10:29
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2020 10:29
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/30648

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