Collective memory and national history in secondary education of Ukraine in the era of independence

Драч, Оксана Олександрівна (2019) Collective memory and national history in secondary education of Ukraine in the era of independence Київські історичні студії, 9 (2). pp. 43-52. ISSN 2524-2749

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The article demonstrates that secondary education is a powerful moderator of the historical memory of new generations of Ukrainian citizens. Historical memory is now the focus of scientific attention. The role of modern historical education in formation of collective memory and identity of young generations of Ukraine has become a field of study for scholars. Most researchers focus primarily on textbooks as tools for transmission of collective memory. Thus, we expanded the subject field of study of school history education by investigation of the role of a teacher of history, who forms the vision of the past among the students. The empirical level of the research is based on the materials from the media archive of the Centre of Urban History of East-Central Europe. They represent transcripts of discussions of teachers of history that worked at secondary schools in different Ukrainian cities (2011 - 2012). While working on these materials, the goal was to summarize personal experience of teachers in teaching national history; to clarify the role of the teacher in interpretation of textbook information during classes; to study values, attitudes and practices of the environment of school teachers of history in independent Ukraine, which are important factors in formation of collective memory of the students. As a result, the research proved that the transition of didactic history from the Soviet to ethnocentric vision is carried out while preserving the archaisms of the authoritarian era. Students’ conformism, which is typical for the Soviet school, has been transformed into utilitarian pragmatism with the exclusivity of the final assessment. Constant changes in curricula and textbooks and their overload, excessive politicization of material and suggestion of a “victim complex”, slow introduction of methods that facilitate students’ self-understanding and critical discussion, priority role of teachers in mastering national history are remarkable for secondary education. An important aspect of collective memory is creation of a new concept of school education.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: secondary education; history teachers; students; collective memory; national history; memory policy.
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Статті у журналах > Наукові (входять до інших наукометричних баз, крім перерахованих, мають ISSN, DOI, індекс цитування)
Divisions: Факультет суспільно-гуманітарних наук > Кафедра всесвітньої історії
Depositing User: професор Оксана Олександрівна Драч
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2020 09:23
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2020 09:23

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