Criterion-indicative base of compositional rhythmic speech structure diagnostics

Бабич, Наталія Миколаїівна and Тичина, Катерина Олександрівна (2021) Criterion-indicative base of compositional rhythmic speech structure diagnostics Наукові записки Бердянського державного педагогічного університету. Серія: Педагогічні науки (3). pp. 11-27. ISSN 2412-9208/ICV 2019: 79.31

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Abstract

The article covers the issues of speech dysontogenesis related to the diagnostics of the compositional rhythmic speech structure (‘skladorhythm’) basic parameters in preschool children with motor, sensory and speech disorders. The basic ‘skladorhythm’ concept is reviewed and is interpreted by authors as a rhythmic alternation of syntagmatic constructions with different structural complexity in the speech flow, which is provided by prosodic speech components. An actual issue in skladorhythm’s parameters (movement-space-rhythm) study is the definition of indicators and criteria for their assessment. This will grant definition of the compositional rhythmic speech structure features and its state for the further effective correctional and developmental programs creation with the help of modern innovative technologies. The purpose of the article is to substantiate the criterion-indicative base of the compositional-rhythmic speech structure study in preschool children with complex disorders. In order to achieve goal of this article the basic principles of diagnostics were highlighted and the indicators of the basic skladorhythm parameters, based on the N. Bernstein's theory of movements’ construction levels, were substantiated. Four components of ‘Rhythmoruh’ were identified - level A (tone), level B (rhythm); ‘Rhythmoprostir’ - levels A, B, C (space); ‘Rhythmovymova’ - levels A, B, C, D (nominee); ‘Skladorhythm’ – levels A, B, C, D, E (expanded speech). In accordance with the defined indicators, the authors of the article have developed criteria for the assessment of these basic parameters imbalance, which can be assessed according to age features. The proposed approach to the skladorhythm’s development diagnostics and assessment in preschool children with complex disorders is innovative, because it is based on the understanding of ontogenetic patterns of the compositional rhythmic speech structure parameters mastering and allows determining their development level in a short time. Promising direction of the outlined research realization is creating technology of compositional rhythmic speech structure parameters formation in preschool children with complex disorders for the further realization of the speech compensation algorithm.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: compositional rhythmic speech structure; syntagmatic constructions; motor speech organization; rhythm of speech; spatial speech organization; children with complex disorders; speech disorders
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Інститути > Інститут людини > Кафедра спеціальної та інклюзивної освіти
Depositing User: Наталія Миколаївна Бабич
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2021 07:55
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2021 07:55
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/34458

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