Formation of the skills to build the texts of different types by the primary school pupils

Дубовик, Світлана Григоріївна and Перепелиця, Лілія (2021) Formation of the skills to build the texts of different types by the primary school pupils Молодий вчений, 92 (4). pp. 41-45. ISSN 2313–2167

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Abstract

The methodological bases of formation of the skills to build the texts of different types by the primary school pupils in the lessons of Ukrainian language have been studied. The construction of the texts of different types has been characterized. The types of texts that are included to the programme of Ukrainian language in the primary school have been specified. The recommendations on the organization of work to improve the coherent speech of primary school pupils have been given. Three stages of the organizational and methodological system of work have been introduced. In particular, at the first stage, the teacher must explain to the children the principles of the topic related to the type of text, and clarify the nature of each type of text, using specific examples. The second stage has been revealed as the stage of practical learning and the acquisition of skills related to the pupils’ ability to recognize the types of texts. The third stage has been presented as the final process of mastering the material, in which the pupils learn how to create various types of texts without help. The types of exercises and tasks that are advisable to use on the lessons to teach the children to compose various types of texts have been determined. The first type of exercises is related to the reading small fragments of texts and the characteristics of this text. The second type of exercise is a multiple choice exercise. It has been stressed that information technologies should be involved in the creation of tests, in particular, Google services, which are freely available. The third type of exercises is creative exercises related to the tasks of writing a text of a certain type (story, description, reasoning, essay). The prospects for further research on the problem of forming the ability of primary school students to build different types of texts have been outlined. In particular, it has been noted the importance of the question of development of new expedient methods and techniques of work that will activate the process of forming text-making skills. The elaboration of the system of exercises and tasks, which is aimed at developing in elementary school pupils the skills to build various types of texts, has been indicated as a challenge. The use of modern information and telecommunication technologies for the formation of text-making skills of pupils has been underlined as an inevitable necessity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: text; types of texts; story; description; reasoning; text-making skills; the formation of the ability to build various types of texts
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Divisions: Факультет педагогічної освіти > Кафедра початкової освіти
Depositing User: Олена Іванівна Агоста
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2021 14:51
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2021 14:51
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/37118

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