Syntactic implementation of the negative clitic NICHT in the modern German language

Городілова, Тетяна Миколаївна (2021) Syntactic implementation of the negative clitic NICHT in the modern German language Науковий вісник Херсонського державного університету. Серія Германістика та міжкультурна комунікація (1). pp. 38-45. ISSN 2663-3426; 2663-3434

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Abstract

The article focuses on the main approaches to the analysis of sentence negation in the modern German language. The phenomenon of full and partial sentence negation has been presented. The special attention is focused on the grammatical meaning of negation. In traditional studies negation is characterized as an expression of non-existing relationships within lingual elements, or when an affirmative sentence is denied by a speaker as an incorrect one. In Germanic grammar studies there is no consensus as to the concept of negation as well as means for its implementation. Theoretical syntax deals with an absolute and double negation. The typology of neg-elements in the German language is not sufficiently highlighted due to their heterogeneity in classification. It causes opacity in the treatment of negative constructions, resulting in ambiguous outcome, and complicates the assignment of the lingual units to the appropriate category. In theoretical grammar the grammatical negation is classified according to word classes. In German a general pattern of sentence negation is represented by the clitic “nicht” in the pre-position and the post-position in relation to the verb. Traditionally negation is regarded in terms of volume of negation and the focus of negation, when the semantic function of negation has been implemented. Also grammatical studies of the German language distinguish between full negation, when the whole sentence is denied, and partial negation, which refers to certain parts of the sentence. Thereby for the grammatical negation in the German sentence the regulated order of subject and verb plays an important role. Regarding the above mentioned the article outlines the criteria for distinguishing the full and the partial negation depending on position of sentence elements in the frame construction. The position of constituents in the negative sentence and its influence on the scopus of negation has been analyzed. The analysis of syntactic distribution of clitic “nicht” in relation to full and partial negation in the models of verbal representation has been outlined.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: DOI: https://doi.org/10.32999/ksu2663-3426/2021-1-6
Uncontrolled Keywords: category of negation; clitic; full negation; partial negation; volume of negation; focus of negation; syntactical distribution
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Інститути > Інститут філології > Кафедра германської філології
Depositing User: викладач Тетяна Миколаївна Городілова
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2021 12:00
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2021 12:00
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/37446

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