Дискусія в Імператорській академії наук (1907 рік) щодо системи правопису «Словаря української мови»

Видайчук, Тетяна Леонідівна (2021) Дискусія в Імператорській академії наук (1907 рік) щодо системи правопису «Словаря української мови» Синопсис: текст, контекст, медіа (27(3)). pp. 165-171. ISSN 2311-259X

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The subject of the study is the discussion considering the spelling system of the Ukrainian part of the four-volume "The Dictionary of the Ukrainian language" (1907-1909), compiled and edited by Borys Grinchenko. Academician Alexei Shakhmatov initiated the discussion at the Imperial Academy of Sciences at the beginning of 1907. The lack of Ukrainian unified spelling was the reason for the discussion. The Imperial Academy of Sciences archival materials were found and systematized by historians Viktor Korotky and Vasyl Ulyanovsky, which is not widely known among the Ukrainian philological community. The procedure of the discussion as well as specific features of the archival materials have been studied in this research. The material of the paper includes the Imperial Academy of Sciences meeting minutes on Ukrainian spelling with the participation of Philip Fortunatov (chairman), Fyodor Volkov, Pavel Saladilov, Peter Stebnytsky and Alexei Shakhmatov (January 6, 1907); Peter Stebnytsky's report on the spelling system of the Dictionary, compiled by Borys Grinchenko (January 6, 1907); Mykhailo Hrushevsky's conclusion on the spelling of the dictionary (February 1907); Borys Grinchenko's conclusion “On the question of the Ukrainian language spelling (for the Imperial Academy of Sciences Meeting on Ukrainian spelling)” (March 7, 1907); Kostya Mykhalchuk’s letter to the Academic Commission (May 5, 1907). The materials studied prove that the meeting on spelling issues for the "Dictionary of the Ukrainian language" considered the choice of the Ukrainian language spelling system as a whole, but not for a separate printed work. It was Borys Grinchenko's "Dictionary" that first revealed the scientific, educational and practical needs to create a standardized and unified Ukrainian spelling and its rules. The meeting materials demonstrate that the compiler reached a well-thought-out compromise between a purely scientific idea of etymological spelling and the practical, technical and pedagogical needs of that time society, for which it would be the easiest to master the phonetic principle of writing. The dictionary was printed taking into account the comments of the spelling meeting. It is worth mentioning that the given comments were constructive. The spelling meeting did not make a decision on its own, the opinions of Ukrainian scholars and Borys Grinchenko himself were taken into consideration, and some spelling principles were found expedient for the Ukrainian language in order to fully convey its sound system. The materials studied presuppose further thorough research of Borys Grinchenko's autographs and reprints of his texts from the standpoint of textology, source studies, the history of Ukrainian linguistic thought, the history of the Ukrainian literary language and its spelling.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dictionary of the Ukrainian language"; Borys Grinchenko; history of orthographic studies; history of spelling; principles of spelling
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Статті у журналах > Наукові (входять до інших наукометричних баз, крім перерахованих, мають ISSN, DOI, індекс цитування)
Divisions: Інститути > Інститут філології > Кафедра української мови
Depositing User: Тетяна Леонідівна Видайчук
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2021 14:03
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2021 14:38
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/38039

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