Personal maturity of sick and healthy people and its relationship to gender, age and anthropometric indicators

Савченко, Валентин Михайлович and Харченко, Галина Дмитрівна and Буряк, Ольга Юріївна and Омері, Ірина Дмитрівна and Неведомська, Євгенія Олексіївна and Тимчик, Олеся Володимирівна and Яценко, Світлана Петрівна (2021) Personal maturity of sick and healthy people and its relationship to gender, age and anthropometric indicators Journal of Physical Education and Sport (21 (5)). pp. 3001-3008. ISSN 2247 - 806X; 2247 – 8051

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Abstract

Introduction. In last decade, a debate about the dependence of human health on its spirituality has been conducted. The results of numerous studies do not give an unambiguous answer about the existence of such a relationship. One of the ways to study spirituality may be an assession of the level of internal development (maturity) of man as individual. Goal: To determine the level of personal maturity of examined persons and establish its relationship to gender, age and anthropometric indicators. Material and methods. 560 persons, of whom 301 were men (53.75%) and 269 women (46.25%). The mean age of examined persons was (M ± S) 35.00 ± 17.75 (95% confidence interval: 33.52 ‒ 36.47) years. There were 337 patients (60.18%) suffering from chronic diseases, and 223 (39.82%) healthy persons (university students). Height and body weight were measured. To determine the levels of personal maturity, a survey was conducted by method of Jose Stevens. Using the levels of maturity proposed by the author ("infant", "toddler", "child", "teenager/young man" and "adult"), low, medium, high, undifferentiated and combined levels of personal maturity were formed, which were considered stages of spiritual development. Results. It was established that 53.39% (299/560) of examined persons had high levels, and 35.54% (199/560) – low levels of personal maturity / spirituality. The relationship between the level of personal maturity / spirituality of a person and the gender (p = 0.00000), age (p = 0.00001) and body weight (p = 0.0950) of examined persons was established. Women are more likely to have a larger number of high levels of personal maturity in comparision with men. An undifferentiated level of maturity was more often registered in men. The predominance of undifferentiated and low levels of personal maturity is more common in older persons (aged 60 years and over) than in young people (less than 18 years of age). No relationship of personal maturity to body length was established, but it was related to body weight: people with a body mass of 90-99 kg had a low level of maturity compared to persons who had a body mass less than 60 kg. Besides that, medium-high levels of maturity is more intrinsic to people weighing less than 60 kg. Conclusions. High levels of personal maturity / spirituality are more intrinsic to women, young people (under 18) and people with low body mass (less than 60 kg).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: maturity of person; spirituality; health; gender; body mass; body length
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Scopus
Divisions: Факультет здоров’я, фізичного виховання і спорту > Кафедра фізичної терапії та ерготерапії
Depositing User: Олеся Володимирівна Тимчик
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2021 10:04
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2021 18:32
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/38115

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