Features of contetnt and form of poems of Magtymguly Pyragy (Makhtumkuli Fragi) “Novruz”

Васьків, Микола Степанович (2021) Features of contetnt and form of poems of Magtymguly Pyragy (Makhtumkuli Fragi) “Novruz” 4th international nowruz conference on scientific research:the book of full textsю Volume -II. Karabagh, 2021.. pp. 514-521. ISSN 978-625-7636-30-8

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The Novruz holiday naturally found reflection and chanting in the calendar and ritual folklore, primarily in the folklore of the Oguz Turks. In the Ukrainian calendar and ritual folklore there was a similar genre of “vesnyanky”, in which the awakening of nature after winter, the warm rays of the sun, the blossoming of plants, the beginning of agricultural work were joyfully perceived. Corresponding features are inherent in the works of Turkic folklore praising the arrival of Novruz. Over time, folklore motifs and imagery, distinguished by a life-affirming meaning, passed into written literature. So, in Ukrainian literature, vesnyankas’ of Lesya Ukrainka and Ivan Fanko have become classics. The poem “Novruz has come” by Sheidai, a contemporary of Magtymguly Pyragy, was also written in a similar style. This muhammas is distinguished by its cheerfulness, admiration for the beauty of spring nature. The awakening of nature is naturally associated with the awakening of love, when even unrequited love evokes bright feelings. The form corresponds to the content of the work: 11-complex verses are read cheerfully, at a fast pace. “Novruz” a classic of Turkmen literature Magtymguly Pyragy (XVIII century) consists of five musabba – seven-line stanzas. The majestic, unhurried, epically unlocking rhythm of the stanzas is created primarily by 16-complex lines, approaching in length to Homer’s hexameter. If Sheidai’s work was full of cheerfulness, then Magtymguly’s Novruz is filled with solemnity, the incomprehensible greatness of nature. Gradually, the poet moves from the natural world to the world of people. The eternal contradiction and eternal synthesis of “a world filled with life” and a “world that is transitory and perishable” is revealed to the poet and to the readers. This makes you comprehend your life path and destiny, before which are corruptible “greed for profit”, wealth, robbery. In the last years of his life, Magtymguly’s works were filled with pessimistic feelings. Similar feelings dominate the last musabba stanza of Novruz. The poet sends himself bitter reproaches for the fact that “you have lost your dreams, carried away by empty life”. Joyless old age seems to him a worthy payment for the sins of youth, for which he sincerely repent. But the Novruz holiday awakens hopes for the seemingly impossible “so that the soul from the desert becomes a blooming meadow”.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Magtymguly Pyragy; motive; vesnyanka; musabba.
Subjects: Це архівна тематика Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Статті у журналах > Наукові (входять до інших наукометричних баз, крім перерахованих, мають ISSN, DOI, індекс цитування)
Divisions: Це архівні підрозділи Київського університету імені Бориса Грінченка > Факультет журналістики > Кафедра журналістика та нових медіа
Depositing User: професор Микола Степанович Васьків
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2021 08:57
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2021 08:57
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/38795

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