Methaphoric modelling of mental disorder in A. France's novel "The Gods are Athirst"

Динниченко, Тетяна Анатоліївна (2020) Methaphoric modelling of mental disorder in A. France's novel "The Gods are Athirst" Науковий вісник Міжнародного Гуманітарного Університету (46). pp. 53-56. ISSN 2409-1154

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The article has been devoted to the analysis of A. France's novel "The Gods are Athirst" through the prism of psychoanalysis. The plot of the novel is interpreted as a metaphorical modeling of the mental disorder of the protagonist - Judge of the Tribunal Evarist Hamlen. The image of this character represents the writer's complex attitude to the French Revolution of 1789-1794. This is how the image of a virtuous person appears, who gradually turns into a executioner as a result of a mental disorder. The study uses cultural-historical, biographical and psychoanalytic methods. To study the image of Hamlen, the method of Freudian interpretation is used, when the character is analyzed as a carrier of unconscious complexes, and therefore his unconscious motives and feelings are determined, the semantics of his hidden desires are revealed. The article examines the author's representation in the image of the protagonist of such classic psychoanalytic symptoms as "Oedipus complex", fantasizing and hallucinations, narcissism, transference, reaction, neurosis-psychosis. The writer does not use Freudian terms, but skillfully reproduces the original scene of the "Oedipus complex" and the specifics of its development in Hamlen; depicts the process of formation of narcissism; shows that the ideologically rationalized actions of the character are in fact a "response" - actions that the neurotic performs as a substitute for his memories; demonstrates as a result of the transfer the ambivalent feelings that make up the "Oedipus complex" are transferred to the Republic, turning patriotism into an idol, and hatred of the royalists into a mania for murder. Analysis of A. France's novel "The Gods are Athirst" proves that the formation takes place on a psychoanalytic basis, and the plot is built as a "medical history" - the author performs a metaphorical modeling of mental disorder. The novelty of the study is that for the first time a psychoanalytic approach was applied to the interpretation of A. Frans "The Gods are Athirst", in particular the plot and image of the main character.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: psychoanalytic literary criticism; "textually constructed quasi-personality"; method of Freudian interpretation; "Oedipus complex"; narcissism; transfer; reaction
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультет української філології, культури і мистецтва > Кафедра світової літератури
Depositing User: Тетяна Анатоліївна Динниченко
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2021 12:17
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2021 12:17

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