Semantic Indicators of Personal Orientation in the Narratives of Adolescents with Deprivation of Verbal Development

Лозова, Ольга Миколаївна and Литвиненко, Олена Олександрівна (2021) Semantic Indicators of Personal Orientation in the Narratives of Adolescents with Deprivation of Verbal Development Psycholinguistics. Психолінгвістика, Психолингвистика, Серія: Психологія (30 (1)). pp. 114-138. ISSN 2309-1797; 2415-3397

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Introduction. The article presents results of the study of personal narratives of adolescents with hearing and visual impairments, as well as their peers without relevant disorders.The aim of this work was to analyse the semantic indicators of personal narratives of adolescents with deprivation of verbal development. In the course of theoretical research there were systematized the approaches to understanding the ontogenesis and dysontogenesis of personal formation; there also were analysed the results of previous studies of language consciousness and speech behaviour of adolescents, the formation of which occurs in conditions of verbal deprivation; besides there were generalized theoretical materials on the role of textual interaction in the process personal orientation formation. Methods. The methods of empirical research were narrative analysis of personal texts of respondents with the procedures of Grounded theory. Statistical processing of the obtained data was performed using the Mann-Whitney U-test. Results. The empirical study identified a number of features specific to each of three groups of respondents (those with hearing impairments, those with visual impairments, and those without any impairments). Comparative analysis of obtained data revealed the homogeneity of personal narratives of adolescents with visual impairments and without impairments and the fundamental difference in the texts created by subjects who have hearing impairments, and accordingly live in conditions of verbal deprivation. Conclusions. The empirical study allowed identifying the importance of verbal deprivation in the process of personal development of adolescents. It is proved that adolescents, whose personal formation takes place in the conditions of verbal deprivation, demonstrate specific forms of personal orientation. Personal orientation determines the peculiarities of perception of the world, self-awareness and accumulation of one's life experience, which is reflected in personal narratives. The specificity of orientation of adolescents with hearing impairments is reflected in their narratives. Its difference from the orientation of adolescents with visual impairments suggests that exactly verbal deprivation (but not the functional dysontogenesis) determines the peculiarities of personal orientation. The prospects for further research in this area can be connected with studying linguistic, stylistic and semantic aspects of speech behaviour of people who live in conditions of verbal deprivation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: narrative analysis; Grounded theory; personal narrative; verbal deprivation; dysontogenesis; adolescence.
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Erih Plus
Статті у наукометричних базах > Scopus
Статті у наукометричних базах > Web of Science
Divisions: Факультет психології, соціальної роботи та спеціальної освіти > Кафедра практичної психології
Depositing User: професор О.М. Лозова
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2021 13:25
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2022 07:50

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