Polyphony of research positions on the phenomenon of modern autocracies

Бульбенюк, Світлана Степанівна (2022) Polyphony of research positions on the phenomenon of modern autocracies Актуальні проблеми філософії та соціології (34). pp. 47-51. ISSN 2410-3071

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Abstract

The article presents the author's view on understanding the nature of modern autocracies through the prism of the analysis of a number of key political science concepts: «electoral democracy vs electoral autocracy»; «Modernization vs demodernization», «Modern vs (neo)atrimonialism (neo-feudalism)», «globalization vs peripheral development». Particular attention is paid to the reasons for the popularity of the newest autocracies, the analysis of signs of adaptability of various modifications of authoritarian regimes of today. Thus, hybrid and electoral autocracies in the post-Soviet countries and the Arab East have, on the one hand, the characteristics of a defective authoritarian regime (G. Golosov's term), and, on the other hand, may retain significant electoral support potential, for example due to the popularity of a charismatic leader. . At the same time, the viability of electoral autocracies and their various models is often a manifestation of the dominance of systemic processes of demodernization in national political systems. The reasons for the growth of the demodernization potential of the new autocracies are the dominance of patronage-client relations, established patrimonial and neo-patrimonial practices of social and political life. Autocratic demodernization emerged as a response of traditional and post-communist societies with remnants of feudal and neo-feudal social models of interaction and political relations to the challenges of freedom and responsibility due to the complexity of political and economic modernization. The consequence of these processes is the transformation of authoritarian regimes, especially in some countries of the East and post-communist states, into peripheral autocracies. Super-presidentialism as a form of government is a prime example of the vector of development of peripheral autocracies today. The authoritarian regime in China, which is flexible and highly adaptable to changing conditions, is one of the reasons for the strong development potential of Beijing's subjectivity in the global political, economic and socio-cultural arena. According to the authors, Russia's open military aggression against Ukraine will most likely lead to the formation of a new axis of global confrontation between democracies and autocracies in the near future.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Аutocracy; authoritarianism; (neo)patrimonialism; modernism; demodernization; periphery.
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультети > Історико-філософський факультет > Кафедра філософії
Depositing User: Доцент Світлана Степанівна Бульбенюк
Date Deposited: 10 May 2022 10:42
Last Modified: 10 May 2022 10:42
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/41053

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