Between Cereal Agriculture and Animal Husbandry: Millet in the Early Economy of the North Pontic Region

Dal Corso, Marta and Pashkevych, Galyna and Filipović, Dragana and Liu, Xinyi and Motuzaite Matuzeviciute, Giedre and Stobbe, Astrid and Shatilo, Ludmila and Videiko, Mykhailo and Kirleis, Wiebke (2022) Between Cereal Agriculture and Animal Husbandry: Millet in the Early Economy of the North Pontic Region Journal of World Prehistory (35). pp. 321-374. ISSN 1573-7802

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Broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) was frst domesticated in China and dispersed westward via Central Asia in the 3rd millennium BC, reaching Europe in the 2nd millennium BC. North of the Black Sea, the North Pontic steppe and foreststeppe areas are key regions for understanding the westward dispersal of millet, as evidenced by the earliest direct radiocarbon dates on European millet grains, which we present here. Examining various lines of evidence relevant to crop cultivation, animal husbandry, contacts and lifestyles, we explore the regional dynamics of the adoption of millet, broadening knowledge about past subsistence strategies related to the ‘millet farmers/consumers’ who inhabited the northern Black Sea region during the Bronze and Iron Ages. Our re-evaluation of crop evidence contributes to ongoing discussions on the mobility of prehistoric communities in the Eurasian steppe and forest-steppe—for instance, on whether millet was linked to full-time mobile pastoralists, who occasionally grew or only consumed it, or whether it was linked to sedentary farmers and cattle herders who regularly cultivated millet, among other crops. From the Bronze Age to the Late Antique, this crop is attested under diferent socio-cultural conditions that suggest it was adaptable to stockbreeding and the natural environment and consumed since the mid 2nd millennium BC in the northern Black Sea region.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Broomcorn millet; Panicum miliaceum; North Pontic; Bronze Age; Iron Age; Steppe
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Scopus
Статті у наукометричних базах > Web of Science
Divisions: Факультет суспільно-гуманітарних наук > Кафедра археології та давньої історії
Depositing User: д.і.н. Михайло Юрієвич Відейко
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2023 17:38
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2023 21:23

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