Clusters in the Strategy of Economic Development (Clusters of Cities)

Skyba, Hanna and Fedyk, Mariana and Protseviat, Oksana and Zhukova, Yuliia and Harkava, Viktoriia (2023) Clusters in the Strategy of Economic Development (Clusters of Cities) Review of Economics and Finance (21). pp. 599-608. ISSN 1923-8401

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Abstract

Cluster-based economic development within the framework of regions’ smart specialization is gaining popularity due to several advantages in uniting firms around a particular type of activity. The purpose of the academ- ic paper was to determine the role of city clusters in regional economic development strategies using the example of IT clusters of Ukraine and their activities within the city limits, and also spreading influence to neighboring coun- tries. The research methodology included the methods of systematic analysis of quantitative and qualitative data on factors influencing the functioning of Kyiv and Lviv clusters. The method of comparing indicators of foreign trade in computer and information services of the regions was chosen to assess the development of clusters depending on the factors influencing their activity (innovations, scientific research and development, networks of higher educa- tional institutions (HEIs)). The authors analyzed the strategies of smart specialization of the regions. The results show differences in developing IT clusters in the cities of Lviv and Kyiv, taking into account the different strategies of smart specialization. The IT sphere in Lviv region is included in the economic policy of the region. The coopera- tion of authorities and scientific institutes is defined as key favorable factors for development. As a result, the level of export of computer services in the region is increasing. On the other hand, there is an insufficient level of coop- eration between the public-private and scientific sectors in Kyiv region. A decrease in the number of scientists in in- vestigations and development in the region, an insufficient level of innovative activity of enterprises can be ob- served. As a result, the export volume of computer and information services is significantly lower in Kyiv region. The originality of the research lies in comparing the results of developing two IT clusters of cities, the factors affect- ing their functioning in the context of regions’ smart specialization strategies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: competitiveness; clusters; cluster concept; organized collaboration; cluster-based economic development; economic diversification; economic policy
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Scopus
Divisions: Факультет економіки та управління > Кафедра міжнародної економіки
Depositing User: Юлія Миколаївна Жукова
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2023 12:25
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2023 08:52
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/45377

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