Application of working capacity recovery means for injury prevention of the musculoskeletal system of elite athletes

Сушко, Руслана Олександрівна and Білецька, Вікторія Вікторівна (2023) Application of working capacity recovery means for injury prevention of the musculoskeletal system of elite athletes Фізична культура, спорт та здоров'я нації (15(34)). pp. 476-486. ISSN 2071-5285

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Abstract

Competitions in sports of higher achievements are safe if a number of conditions are observed in the process of training activities, pre-competition and pre-start preparation. The high intensity and load in modern sports requires adaptation to them at the initial stage of training athletes, which is not always possible for coaches to do in the absence of a specially organized recovery process and programs for the prevention of injuries of the musculoskeletal system. Unfortunately, the number of injuries in adult and children's sports is not decreasing. Existing external and internal injury risk factors require special attention from the administration of sports schools and clubs, coaching staff to training and competition venues, as well as to the selection and application of special means of injury prevention for athletes. Injuries received by an athlete in the process of training or competitive activities require the presence of appropriate training of trainers in first aid. The aim of the study is to present modern approaches to the application of working capacity recovery means used for injury prevention of the musculoskeletal system of elite athletes. Methods of research: based on the analysis of literary sources, a review of preliminary preventive measures and actions to prevent injuries in qualified athletes before competitions was carried out. Results. The concept is presented and the algorithm for the use of means of rehabilitation of qualified athletes is developed. They are used to prevent injuries. Including regulation of stress states, various types of dynamic exercises and exercises with a partner in resistive modes in warm-up: isokinetic, eccentric, designed for stimulating, mobilization effects, independent myofascial relaxation technique, compression clothing and their cold effects. Techniques of pre-start massage and kinesiotaping: which are successfully used in high-performance sports. The sequence, dosage and method of application are given as a technology for the use of means of restoring the working capacity of qualified athletes in pre-competition and pre-start training. There are possibilities of their application in competitive activities. Modern methods of prevention of injuries of the musculoskeletal system of athletes are proposed. Conclusions. based on the presented application algorithm, a certain sequence of special effects can be tested and implemented in the practice of training and precompetitive activities. In some cases, in agreement with the doctor, it is possible to recommend the presented algorithm in multi-day competitions, types of all-around for use in cases of microtrauma of the athlete's musculoskeletal system.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: DOI: 10.31652/2071-5285-2023-15(34)-476-486
Uncontrolled Keywords: working capacity; elite athletes; recovery; pre-start preparation; pre-competitive preparation; injury prevention; training and extra-training means.
Subjects: Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультет здоров’я, фізичного виховання і спорту > Кафедра фізичного виховання і педагогіки спорту
Depositing User: Руслана Олександрівна Сушко
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2023 11:00
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2023 11:00
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/45695

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