Interactions between Trypillian farmers and North Pontic forager-pastoralists in Eneolithic central Ukraine

Nikitin, Alexey G. and Videiko, Mykhailo and Patterson, Nick and Renson, Virginie and Reich, David (2023) Interactions between Trypillian farmers and North Pontic forager-pastoralists in Eneolithic central Ukraine PlosOne, 18 (6). pp. 1-16. ISSN 1553-7404

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Abstract

The establishment of agrarian economy in Eneolithic East Europe is associated with the Pre-Cucuteni-Cucuteni-Trypillia complex (PCCTC). PCCTC farmers interacted with Eneolithic forager-pastoralist groups of the North Pontic steppe as PCCTC extended from the Carpathian foothills to the Dnipro Valley beginning in the late 5th millennium BCE. While the cultural interaction between the two groups is evident through the Cucuteni C pottery style that carries steppe influence, the extent of biological interactions between Trypillian farmers and the steppe remains unclear. Here we report the analysis of artefacts from the late 5th millennium Trypillian settlement at the Kolomiytsiv Yar Tract (KYT) archaeological complex in central Ukraine, focusing on a human bone fragment found in the Trypillian context at KYT. Diet stable isotope ratios obtained from the bone fragment suggest the diet of the KYT individual to be within the range of forager-pastoralists of the North Pontic area. Strontium isotope ratios of the KYT individual are consistent with having originated from contexts of the Serednii Stih (Sredny Stog) culture sites of the Middle Dnipro Valley. Genetic analysis of the KYT individual indicates ancestry derived from a proto-Yamna population such as Serednii Stih. Overall, the KYT archaeological site presents evidence of interactions between Trypillians and Eneolithic Pontic steppe inhabitants of the Serednii Stih horizon and suggests a potential for gene flow between the two groups as early as the beginning of the 4th millennium BCE.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: https://doi.org/10.1371/ journal.pone.0285449
Uncontrolled Keywords: Interactions; Trypillian farmers; North Pontic forager-pastoralists; Eneolithic; central Ukraine
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Scopus
Divisions: Факультет суспільно-гуманітарних наук > Кафедра історії України
Depositing User: д.і.н. Михайло Юрієвич Відейко
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2023 11:03
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 11:11
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/46364

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