Semantic Differentiation of Food Attributes in Consciousness of People with Orthorexia

Лозова, Ольга Миколаївна and Фатєєва, Марина Сергіївна (2021) Semantic Differentiation of Food Attributes in Consciousness of People with Orthorexia Psycholinguistics. Психолінгвістика. Психолингвистика (29 (1)). pp. 117-141. ISSN 2309-1797; 2415-3397

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Abstract

The purpose. The article presents the results of study, the aim of which was to identify semantic space to the concept «food» among people with orthorexia nervosa. The term «orthorexia» is characterized by an obsessive desire for «healthy and proper eating», which leads to significant restrictions in the choice of food, that affect other areas of life and may lead to social isolation. Methods. The methods of verbal semantic differential and Intuitive Eating Scale-2 were used in the study. The basic coordinates of the semantic space were the statistical series of measured quantities that characterize interaction of respondents with food: tactile attractiveness, orderliness of nutrition, evaluation of the usefulness and emotional content of food. The sample covered 326 subjects, men and women aged 18 to 68 years (77 males and 249 females). The average age was 30;64 years, the standard deviation of 11;61. Results. The semantic space of food perception by respondents with orthorexia is characterized by the predominance of the following criteria: perceptual attractiveness, order, usefulness and emotional attribution. The criterion of perceptual attractiveness is the least important for people with orthorexia, nevertheless they react to food quite emotionally. The semantics of such properties of food as «tasty», «quality», «usefulness», «beauty», «naturalness» and «fatness» directly correlate with indicators: intuitive eating; unconditional permission to eat; tendency to eat for physical rather than emotional reasons; reliance on hunger and satiety cues, body-food choice congruence. Conclusion. As a result of the analysis, the semantic space of food perception by respondents with orthorexia is outlined. The hypothesis of the relationship between the semantics of food properties and the levels of food intuition of the subject is fully verified.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: semantic space; disordered eating; intuitive eating; orthorexia nervosa.
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Scopus
Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Інститути > Інститут людини > Кафедра практичної психології
Depositing User: професор О.М. Лозова
Date Deposited: 25 May 2021 07:21
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2021 10:31
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/36447

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