«Cultural and Еducational Section» in the camp for interned soldiers of the UGA at Jozefov, Czechoslovakia (1921-1922): organizational and educational activities

Срібняк, Ігор Володимирович and Хлєбіна, Анна Євгеніївна (2023) «Cultural and Еducational Section» in the camp for interned soldiers of the UGA at Jozefov, Czechoslovakia (1921-1922): organizational and educational activities Європейські історичні студії (24). pp. 83-98. ISSN 2524-048X

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The article tells about the organizational and educational activities of the «Cultural and Educational Section» in the Jozefov camp (Czechoslovakia), and especially its teachers' unit. Thanks to the efforts of its members and the work of several educational centers (literacy schools, gymnasiums and seminaries), was also found the schooling at educational courses aimed at various groups of internees. The main task of all educational courses was the preparation of the internees for their future life activities in civilian conditions – after the liquidation of the Jozefov camp. The campers without complete secondary education got the opportunity to attend educational courses, and after its graduation (provided they successfully pass the final exams) they could apply for admission to high schools in Czechoslovakia. At the same time, in addition to secondary school courses, the members of the teachers' unit conducted a range of general educational and special lectures, which were attended by hundreds of interned Ukrainian soldiers. The internees had a lot of opportunities to organize their self-education, including the using of the camp library. The intensity of the turnover of books borrowed by the internees testified to their knowing of the impermanence of their stay in the camp and the need to acquire additional knowledge. With a view to facilitate access to books for certain groups of internees, some groups (such as the Subaltern’s section or the Lawyer’s section) founded and maintained their own libraries, which were intended exclusively for the needs of their members. The education and self-education became a consolidating factor for camp residents and a kind of «tool» that allowed them to overcome all the disadvantages of camp existence. At the same time, the internees, by acquiring knowledge in its various fields, received a lot of opportunities for adaptation to the new life’s conditions in Czechoslovakia. The acquisition of high school education by the former internees (after they left the camp) allowed them to successfully integrate into the that time Czechoslovak society and provide themselves with a decent life and living conditions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: DOI: https://doi.org/10.17721/2524-048X.2023.24
Uncontrolled Keywords: interned Ukrainian soldiers; camp; educational course; school; library; Ukrainian Galician Army; Czechoslovakia
Subjects: Статті у наукометричних базах > Index Copernicus
Статті у журналах > Фахові (входять до переліку фахових, затверджений МОН)
Divisions: Факультет суспільно-гуманітарних наук > Кафедра всесвітньої історії
Depositing User: професор Ігор Володимирович Срібняк
Date Deposited: 10 May 2023 13:05
Last Modified: 10 May 2023 13:05
URI: https://elibrary.kubg.edu.ua/id/eprint/44975

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